With more than 290 000 foreign students (12% of students), France is the third most popular country beside the United States and Great Britain.

Some website to find general information about French higher education:

  • The Onisep’s website (in French)
  • The French student portal (in French)
  • Campus France is an online portal run by the French government that assists students in their university applications, from choosing a university up to visa processing  (in English)

Compared to other countries, France has a complex system of higher education.
The French higher education system is made up of several different types of establishment, which may be in either the public or the private sector.

Long programs

Compared to other countries, France has a complex system of higher education.
The French higher education system is made up of several different types of establishment, which may be in either the public or the private sector:

  • The universities
  • The “grandes écoles” post graduate schools
  • The specialized schools (“écoles spécialisées”)


Courses are based on three levels:

  • Licence (bachelor’s degree) – 180 ECTS
  • Master (Master’s degree) – 120 ECTS
  • Doctorat (doctoral degree)

Academic year:
The academic year is split into 2 semesters, the first one from September to December and the second one from January to June.

5 big domains:

  • Art – Humanities –Language (design, applied foreign languages, humanities, music…)
  • Law – economy – management – political and social sciences (economic and social administration, law, journalism, management, political sciences…)
  • Human and social sciences (philosophy, psychology, geography, history, art history, sport sciences, theology…)
  • Science, technology (chemistry, physics, engineering sciences, life sciences, mathematics, earth and environment…)
  • Health (dental, physiotherapy, maieutics, medicine, orthoptics, pharmacy)

For more information on public Universities
For more information about programs
Finding a « licence » (bachelor) program
Finding a Master program
Finding a doctoral program

Some courses are taught in English for example in Political science, business, sciences, hostel management, aerospace, engineering, multimedia, economics etc.
For more information.

Les Grandes écoles – Post graduate schools


The “grandes écoles” or post-graduate schools offer five-year courses, which usually include two years of initial preparation in the post-graduate school itself or in preparatory classes offered by secondary schools. These preparatory classes (Classes Préparatoires aux Grandes Ecoles, CPGE) or « prépa » prepare students over a two-year period to take the entrance examinations for one or more « grandes écoles ». However many schools today offer alternative admission procedures, which allow international students to apply at different stages of their academic careers.

The grandes écoles are very selective.
Degree programs in the grandes écoles usually include international internships and study abroad.

For more information :
Conference des grandes écoles” : to have information about schools, admissions…

State recognition of the institution and the degree:

  • For engineering schools, this recognition is granted following a review by the Commission on Engineering Degrees (CTI)
  • For management schools, following a review by the Management Training and Qualifications Assessment Committee (CEFDG)

The « classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles »

Two years courses following the “baccalauréat” (end of secondary school exam) usually dispensed in an high school and preparing students for the competitive entrance examination to the Grandes Ecoles. CPGEs are highly selective, at the application and during the courses themselves.
For more information (in French)

Engineering schools

Around 220 schools offer courses leading to a degree in engineering, including for some components of universities.
These schools prepare to the “diploma d’ingénieur” (engineering degree). This is a national diploma that is equivalent to a Master’s and entitles its holder to apply to a doctoral program.

Management and busisness schools

Many management/business schools exist today, with around 85 of these institutions recognised by the State.
Many are private institutions. Annual tuition varies widely, but is generally between 2000€ and 15000€ by year.

Ecoles Normales Supérieures (ENS)

The ENS offer four high-level year of education in cultural and scientific training programs for students who would like to pursue fundamental or applied scientific research, university teaching or, more generally, civil-service careers in the public administrations.

There are 4 ENS:

  • ENS Paris Ulm: main studies literature and languages, exact sciences, humanities and social sciences, law, theory of art
  • ENS Lyon: main studies humanities and social sciences, exact sciences
  • ENS Cachan: main studies exact sciences, humanities and social sciences, languages
  • ENS Rennes: main studies in law and economics, exact sciences, sport

Institute of political studies (Institut d’études politiques IEP)

Others “Grandes écoles”

  • Ecole Nationale des Chartes: specialized in humanities and social sciences and particulary in History. Short description on Campus France website in English.
  • ENA – Ecole nationale d’administration: the ENA, France’s top institution for the training of future senior civil servants (hauts fonctionnaires), top politicians and managers
  • CELSA (Centre d’Etudes Littéraires et Scientifiques Appliquées) is a school specialized in journalism, communication, marketing, advertising, and medias.
  • Veterinary school, 4 schools in France VetAgro Sup (Lyon), ENVA (Maison-Alfort), Nantes ONIRIS (Nantes) and ENVT (Toulouse). 5 years of school after a competitive examination open after 2 years of higher education.

Specialized schools

There are a lot of schools often called “écoles spécialisées” in several domains such health, paramedical studies, multimedia, communication, journalism, social work, fashion, design, tourism, culinary arts, hotel management and agriculture.

Culinary arts:

Schools of Arts

Campus Art: a Campus France portal specialized in Arts studies.

Schools of Architecture

20 Écoles Nationales Supérieures d’Architecture (ENSA) , public schools under the ministry of Culture and Communication provide national degrees. Two other institutions confer diplomas that are recognized as equivalent to the national diplomas given by the ENSAs The Institut National des Sciences Appliquées (INSA) de Strasbourg, public school and The École Spéciale d’Architecture (ESA), private school


All schools are opened to students who already have an undergraduate or postgraduate diploma in law (at the University) after a competitive examination.

  • Lawyer: competition opened after a M1 in law (but 80% has a M2), 18 month in one of the 12 centers “CRFPA”
  • Bailiff: competition opened after a M1 in law. 2 years in the “Ecole Nationale de procédure” (ENP)
  • Magistrate: competition opened after a M1 in law, 31 monthe in the “Ecole Nationale de Magistrature (ENM)”


In order to go to medical schools, you have to begin with a first year common of medical study at the University.
This first-year common curriculum in health (Première Année Commune aux Etudes de Santé PACES) is the same for medicine, dental surgery, pharmacy and midwifery (and sometime physiotherapist). Two examinations by year (after each semester). The possibility to pursue in medical school is determined by your place in the ranking (numerus clausus).
Download a desciptive document in English : Health studies in France

  • Medecine: 9 to 11 years
  • Dental surgery: 6 to 8 years
  • Pharmacy: 6 to 9 years
  • Midwifery: 5 years


In order to go to paramedical schools you have to succeed a competitive examination. Some doesn’t require the “baccalauréat” as auxiliary nurse competition or child care assistant competition and some does as nurses, orthoptists, speech therapist, psychomotor therapist…